Substance abuse among U.S. teens is decreasing, with the exception of absorption in Cannabis and e-cigarette use – showing new findings published today in the peer-reviewed journal Substance Use and Abuse .
A panel of researchers who examined data on 536,291 adolescents between 1991 and 2019 found that while The reasons for this phenomenon are not entirely clear, and they appear to be related to many other social factors.
Of note, these factors included increased parental supervision and fewer parties and appointments.
Discussing the results, lead author Noah Kreski School of Public Health, Columbia University Postman explains that even today, many populations Factors also appear to be associated with increased substance abuse.
“The largest decline in the prevalence of substance use in decades was driven by substantial paid employment or high levels of social time defined groups, either with low participation in other activities or with low levels of supervision, although these groups had the highest initial prevalence of each substance use,” Kreski said.
Kreski and team, which also included experts from New York University, used research conducted by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) ) to track trends in cigarette use, alcohol, cannabis, nicotine and cannabis e-cigarettes among children in grades 8 (13-14), 10 (15-16) and 12 (17-18) and other substances.
They crossed these habits with demographic factors such as level of social participation, participation in structured activities, level of adult supervision, etc. citations, and employment. They further cross-referenced these patterns in race, gender, parental education, and other demographic data.
Their findings suggest that low social engagement and participation in structured activities appear to be the overall best predictors of substance abuse avoidance best predictor.
Conversely, substance abuse was generally higher in highly social and highly engaged groups with less supervision . Time spent in paid work is also an important factor in increasing opportunities to try illicit drugs.
All groups, especially young workers. Nicotine e-cigarettes increased the most in highly social and engaged groups with less supervision. Marijuana vaping increased the most among teens who were social but not engaged.
“The social environment (eg, parties) in which adolescents interact with their peers provides opportunities for substance use, especially in without adult supervision,” Kreski said. “These social circumstances may create peer pressure on adolescents to engage in substance use in order to adapt.” This may be especially true for employed teens who frequently interact with older teens and adults. Employed teens often come from lower income brackets and are thus pushed into early pseudo-adulthood, causing them to develop habits that are more typical of older adults than they are. Furthermore, cannabis users in particular seem to seek out other cannabis users, leading to social circles in which the drug plays a major role. E-cigarettes are also associated with social influence.
Further analysis of the data, the results show:
- 15% of respondents reported bingeing in the past two weeks Drinking alcohol
- 27.4% Drinking alcohol in the past month
- About 14.7% of teens have smoked in the past month
- 12.6% reported any marijuana use in the past month
- Over 8.64% reported using other substances in the past month
- 6.2% reported using marijuana since 2017.
12.3% reported nicotine use
Summarize Says Kreski, “Uncovering these links between complex time-use patterns and substance use outcomes could open up new opportunities for adolescents to intervene and educate around substances that help o promote reduction in use.
“In summary, although prevalence of substance use varied widely among groups, trends in substance use tended to be relatively consistent across groups. Further research is now needed to investigate the factors driving these general trends in substance use among adolescents. “
The authors suggest that various peer-led and community-based programmes may be effective in reducing Use in adolescent populations. They also urge further examination of mental health conditions that may contribute to substance abuse.
This study and survey Related.
No set of items can fully describe how teens spend their time. Also, data does not include 2020 year or 2021, and therefore cannot capture social behavior applicable to adolescents in pandemic quarantine.
Even MORE INFORMATION: Adolescents’ Use of Leisure Time and Social Activities i Substance Use from 1991 to 2019, Substance Use and Abuse (2022). DOI: 10.1080/10826084.2022.2115849
Citation : U.S. teen drug abuse (except marijuana and e-cigarettes) has declined (September 21, 2022), October 5, 2022 from https://medicalxpress .com/news/2022-09-american-adolescent retrieve-substance-abuseexcept-cannabis.html
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