Multiple sclerosis was once known as ‘Mystery disease’, but now MS risk is no longer a mystery as we better understand its causes, according to an opinion published today in the Australian Medical Journal The author said .
It is now clear , MS does not have a single “hard-evidence” risk factor, but rather “a cascade of risk factors extending to conception, each an important step on the causal pathway.”
“Some risk factors are unmodifiable, such as sex and genetics, but others may be modifiable, such as obesity, smoking, vitamin D levels and UV exposure, and Potential Epstein-Barr virus immunity,” Professor Taylor wrote.
“Recognizing that Epstein-Barr virus infection may be a inevitability factor should increase people’s interest in developing Interest in early Epstein-Barr virus vaccines.
Importance of sun exposure and vitamin D levels, especially In pregnancy and early life, and throughout life, pr proposes multipoint interventions.”
Prof Taylor The warning, however, is that increasing exposure to sunlight and vitamin D levels is not without risks” and does not create a clear balance.
” reducing smoking and adolescent obesity can significantly reduce multiple sclerosis; however, due to the complexity and long-term nature of such trials, there is no direct experimental evidence to support this. “ Professor Taylor said that efforts to reduce the burden of other diseases with similar risk factors, if successful, would yield potential reductions in The knock-on effect of MS incidence.
“Increased understanding of MS risk factors is important in high-risk populations and is Invaluable counseling for people with MS who want to reduce risk to their children or other relatives,” he concluded.
More information: Bruce V Taylor, What is the cause of multiple sclerosis? Getting closer to the answer,
Medical Journal of Australia (2022). DOI: 10.5694/mja2.51645
Medical research provided by Menzies Institute
Citation : What is the cause of multiple sclerosis? Researchers are closer to getting Clear (2022, August 16), retrieved August 16, 2022, from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-08-multiple-sclerosis-closer-figuring.html
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